Orthotist and prosthetist is one of the important health care professional that plays a vital role in sports fitness, disability limitation, and recovery with diseases.
Working model starts with comprehensive assessment & evaluation followed by prescription of appropriate advice or provision of designed and fabricated medical supportive devices and fit for patients for patients. These devices include artificial limbs (arms, hands, legs, and feet), braces, and other medical or surgical devices
Orthotics can be part of a comprehensive treatment plan to address various symptoms, usually having to do with pain and discomfort. The goals for orthotic treatment include:
- Correcting deformities
- Helping the function better
- Providing support
- Reducing the risks for further injuries
- Improve shock absorption
Orthotics prescribed in the different medical conditions included:
- Back pain
- Flat feet
- Hammer toes
- Heel spurs
- High arches
- Plantar fasciitis
Prosthesis is an artificial substitute for a missing segment of the body. The artificial parts that are most usually thought of as prostheses are those that substitute lost arms and legs. When an arm or other extremity is amputated or lost, a prosthetic device, or prosthesis, can play a vital role in rehabilitation. The artificial limb can get better mobility and the facility to manage daily activities, in addition to provide the means to keep on independent. There is a large array of prostheses that are designed to function.
These include :
- A socket into which the stump of the amputated limb fits
- The suspension, which holds the prosthesis onto the stump
- The shaft
- The foot, hand, or hook
- A covering for cosmetic appearances The socket is often lined with foam or silicone to protect the stump. Special socks are also worn over the stump to ensure a proper fit and improve comfort.
The most common types of prostheses are Lower leg and foot, Arm and hand. Select the prosthesis on the basis of the site and level of an amputation, provision of the left over limb, your activity level mainly for prosthetic leg or foot. The particular goals and need Practice exercises suggested by physical therapist. These will contain exercises for stretching, range of motion, body positioning, and endurance.