Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders.
Our speech therapists, assess speech, language, cognitive-communication, and oral/feeding/swallowing skills. This lets them identify a problem and the best way to treat it. We offer the variety of strategies, including: Language intervention activities, Articulation therapy and Oral-motor/feeding and swallowing therapy and others depending on the type of speech or language disorders.
Speech therapy techniques are used to improve communication. Speech therapy required for speech disorders that develop in childhood or speech impairments in adults caused by an injury or illness, such as stroke or brain injury.
Speech and language disorders that can be treated with speech therapy are:
- Articulation disorders.
- Fluency disorders.
- Resonance disorders.
- Receptive disorders.
- Expressive disorders.
- Cognitive-communication disorders.
- Hearing impairments
- Cognitive (intellectual, thinking) or other developmental delays
- Weak oral muscles
- Chronic hoarseness
- Cleft lip or cleft palate
- Motor planning problems
- Respiratory problems (breathing disorders)
- Feeding and swallowing disorders
- Traumatic brain injury
A speech disorder refers to a problem with making sounds.
- Articulation disorders: These are problems with making sounds in syllables, or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said.
- Fluency disorders: These include problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by unusual stops, partial-word repetitions ("b-b-boy"), or prolonging sounds and syllables (snake).
- Resonance or voice disorders: These are problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
- Receptive disorders are problems with understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders are problems with putting words together, having a limited vocabulary, or being unable to use language in a socially appropriate way.
- Cognitive-communication disorders are problems with communication skills that involve memory, attention, perception, organization, regulation, and problem solving.
Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders are disorders in the way someone eats or drinks. They include problems with chewing and swallowing, coughing, gagging, and refusing foods